Wednesday, 23 November 2016

The Strange War between the Choice of a female and male Child

The girl as we all know is the female child of the family. As a female child, even before her birth, several responsibilities have been put in place ahead for her like washing of plates, sweeping the floor, learning how to cook, mopping and so many other House chores we can think of. I am not trying to be a feminist here but when we compare the responsibilities the girl child has at hand and that of a male child, then we can see that the gap is quite wide.
            I have asked myself severally on why the girl child is treated differently from the male child at home. Is it the fact that she is just a girl? Or the fact that that was how the world system has always been in which our parents think it to be the right way? Do not quote me wrong, I am not trying to say that a girl child should not learn to do all those house chores but so should the male child learn to do same too. If Grace (the girl) should be learning how to cook, why should Emmanuel (the boy) learn to cook too?
             In many countries, the girl child is discriminated against from the earliest stage of life through her childhood, into her adulthood. Girls are often treated as inferior and socialized to put themselves last, thus, leading to undermining their self-esteem. Discrimination and neglect in childhood can initiate a lifelong downward spiral of deprivation and exclusion from the social mainstream. Initiatives should be taken to prepare girls to participate actively, effectively and equally with boys at all levels of social, economic, political and cultural leadership.
            The percentage of girls enrolled in secondary school remains significantly low in many countries. Girls are often not encouraged or given the opportunity to pursue scientific and technological training and education, which limits the knowledge they require for their daily lives and their employment opportunities.  Girls are less encouraged than boys to participate in and learn about the social, economic and political functioning of society, with the result that they are not offered the same opportunities as boys to take part in decision-making processes.
Sexual violence and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS, have a devastating effect on children's health, and girls are more vulnerable than boys to the consequences of unprotected and premature sexual relations. Girls often face pressures to engage in sexual activity. Due to such factors as their youth, social pressures, lack of protective laws, or failure to enforce laws, girls are more vulnerable to all kinds of violence, particularly sexual violence, including rape, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, trafficking, possibly the sale of their organs and tissues, and forced labour.
All barriers must therefore be eliminated to enable girls without exception to develop their full potential and skills through:
·         Equal access to education and training, nutrition, physical and mental health care and related information
·         Educating women, men, girls and boys to promote girls' status and encourage them to work towards mutual respect and equal partnership between girls and boys.
·         Facilitate the equal provision of appropriate services and devices to girls with disabilities and provide their families with related support services, as appropriate.
·         The society should provide education and skills training to increase girls' opportunities for employment and access to decision-making processes.

·          Parents and guardians should be encouraged and enlightened to treat girls and boys equally and to ensure shared responsibilities between girls and boys in the family.


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